As human beings developed so far, we have explored things not only on our earth, but also the galaxy. But no one dares to say that we human beings already know everything about the world.
Although today’s humans have already begun to explore the mysterious space, this does not mean that humans have a sufficient understanding of the earth. On the contrary, human beings are far from understanding the earth, and many new technologies and scientific discoveries appear on the earth every day.
However, there are other things on earth that are equally eye-catching, but we don’t always pay attention to them. For example, in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean, there is an ocean without a coast, while in Africa there is a territory claimed by no country in the world. But at the same time, there are two people, an American and a Russian, both claiming to be the king of this place. But actually, this place doesn’t belong to anyone.
Today, I’m going to introduce some geography trivia facts that you may not know. These trivia facts are interesting, let’s take a look.
1. Pink Lake
Lake Hillier in Australia, famous for its pink water. Hillier Lake is an oval-shaped saltwater lake located on the middle island of the Locheche Islands in Australia. It was discovered by Matthew Flinders, a member of the British naval expedition in 1802, that the peculiar thing is that the water of Lake Hillier is pink, so it is also called “Pink Lake”!
The reason for the pink color of Lake Hillie in Australia is: due to the introduction of a kind of green algae, Dunaliella salina, which belongs to the genus Halobacterium and Dunaliella salina, and Dunaliella salina is the most salt-tolerant algae, and can contain up to 35% sodium chloride in salinity (about 3% sodium chloride in seawater. Under high salinity, high temperature and high light transmittance, algae will accumulate red pigment and β-carotene [a kind Similar to the carotene in carrots, the concentration is as high as 14% when dry weight (carrots only contain 0.3% carotene).
The content of algae in any microorganism can be said to be the highest. Beta carotene can protect the algae from high light transmittance damage and provide algae with orange-red Dunaliella salina. Halophilic bacteria are pink and generally grow on the crust at the bottom of the lake. The true color of the lake depends on the mutual balance of Dunaliella salina and halophilic bacteria.
2. The Hottest Place in the World
There is actually a lot of controversy about the hottest place on earth, many people think that it is in African desert, but it’s not true. In fact, the hottest place in the world is located in America, a small town called Furnis Creek is located in Death Valley, California. The highest temperature recorded here is almost +57°C. The record that was once believed to be held in the “Aziziye of Libya” was disqualified due to an error in temperature measurement. Therefore, the current record belongs to the small town of Furnis Creek.
3. Eternal Flame Waterfall
Located in a cave under a waterfall in Liling County Park, New York, USA. It is called the “Eternal Fire” because it burns for thousands of years and is extremely hot. It is said to have been set ablaze by Indians thousands of years ago.
Modern scientists believe that the reason for its indestructibility is the gas produced by ancient rocks. However, according to a report from the British Daily Mail on May 13, 2013, researchers from Indiana University denied this view and admitted that they could not confirm the reason for the continuous burning of this “eternal fire” in New York. So it seems impossible to determine the reason for its immortality.
4. Baatara Gorge Waterfall
Lebanon, a small Middle Eastern country known for its beauty, has the world’s most beautiful three-tiered natural bridge waterfall. At the same time, this waterfall is also the oldest waterfall in the world. It once existed with dinosaurs and has a history of 160 million years. This is the Baatara Pothole, which fully demonstrates the magic of nature.
The water from the waterfall fell from a height of 255 meters into a huge limestone cave. The water source of the Baatara waterfall comes from a nearby village. When the snow on the mountain melts in March and April, the water flow of the waterfall reaches its maximum. The waterfall flows into the pothole of the limestone layer in the Jurassic period. After long-term erosion, the erosion rate is different due to different rock textures. The most erodible part is hollowed out, resulting in a “Cave of the Three Bridge” natural landscape.
5. The Only Sea Without a Coast
Most of the world’s seas are the marginal parts of the oceans, which are adjacent to the mainland or other land. However, the Sargasso Sea in the middle of the North Atlantic Ocean is a “sea of the ocean”, and its west is separated from the North American continent by a wide sea area. The other three sides are vast ocean surfaces. So it is the only sea in the world without a coast.
The location of the Sargasso Sea is roughly between 20-35 degrees north latitude and 35-70 degrees west longitude, with an area of about several million square kilometers. The Sargasso Sea surrounds the Bermuda Islands and has nothing to do with the mainland, so although its name is “sea”, it is not actually a sea in the strict sense. It can only be said to be a special water area in the Atlantic Ocean.
On the surface of the Sargasso Sea, there are green rootless water plants-Sargasso, which seems to be a prairie scenery. Driven by the sea breeze and ocean currents, the floating Sargasso is like a huge olive-colored carpet. Stretch far away.